About Ethiopia

  • The fastest growing economy in 2019, and among the top 5 fastest growing economies for more than a decade
  • World Bank Project is 8.2 for 2020 and 2021
  • Ethiopia’s economy experienced strong, broad-based growth averaging 9.9% a year from 2007/08 to 2017/18, compared to a regional average of 5.4%. (World Bank)
  • Largest economy in East and Central Africa
  • Ethiopia aims to achieve middle income status by 2025
  • 109+ Million (World Bank 2019)
  • 2nd Largest Population in Africa
  • 12th Largest in the World
  • 5% Annual growth rate (World Bank)
  • Expected to reach 200 Million by 2050 (UN)
  • Plentiful forage availability coupled with favorable and diversified agro-climatic conditions
  • Knowledge of beekeepers’ experience, practices, and socio-economic value of honey
  • Need for high technology input in modern apiculture development
  • Availability of natural resources and human capital
  • High demand for industrial honey processors
  • Government’s attention towards the introduction of different beekeeping technology packages
  • Enormous nectar and pollen resources to capacitate a significant number of enterprises
  • Opportunity to produce organic products in the country to penetrate the global market
  • Existence of a number of development partners that support the sub-sector
  • Investment incentives in terms of different tax exemptions
  • Potential to produce mono-floral honey through integration with commercial plantation sites like coffee
  • Untouched potential for other bees’ products (propolis, royal jelly, pollen, venom)
  • The presence of naturally conserved biosphere forest in the country
  • Apis Mellifera Adansanii
  • Apis Mellifera Jemenitica
  • Apis Mellifera Monticola
  • Apis Mellifera Jitorea
  • Apis Mellifera Abyssinica

Estimated Number of Beehives by Type, CSA Ethiopia – 2019/20

Type of Beehive Number %
All Beehives 6,958,004 100.00
Traditional Beehives 6,680,885 96.02
Intermediate Beehives 94,159 1.35
Modern Beehives 182,960 2.63



Honey Production, CSA Ethiopia – 2019/20

Production Quantity Produced and Frequency
Honey Production All Types of Beehives (Number) 6,958,004
Production (Kilograms) 150,257,615
Average Frequency (Harvests/Year) 1.73
Traditional Beehives (Number) 6,680,885
Production (Kilograms) 145,327,500
Average Frequency (Harvests/Year) 1.73
Intermediate Beehives (Number) 94,159
Production (Kilograms) 1,453,942
Average Frequency (Harvests/Year) 1.82
Modern Beehives (Number) 182,960
Production (Kilograms) 3,476,172
Average Frequency (Harvests/Year) 1.67


  • Increase honey production from the present level of approximately 50 thousand tones to 200 thousand tones and beeswax production from 3800 to 12 thousand tones by the end of 2025.
  • Increase honey export from the existing approximately 400 to 2400 t by the end of 2025.
  • Increase beeswax export from the existing approximately 400 to 1000 by the end of 2025 while doubling production and exporting of all high-value hive products.
  • Increase export revenues of honey from the current estimated USD 1.5 million to USD 8 million and beeswax from the current estimated USD 1.4 million to USD 5 million by the end of 2025.
  • Ethiopia is member of Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
  • Ethiopia is one of the 44 countries in Africa that signed continental Free Trade Area (CFTA)
  • Ethiopia has signed Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs): with 30 countries and Double Taxation Avoidance Treaties (DTTs): with12 countries
  • Ethiopia is using the opportunity of Generalized System Preferences (GSP), AGOA (African Growth and Opportunity Act ) and Everything but Arms (EBA)
  • Ethiopia is the 3rd diplomatic a seat for African Union, United Nations Economic Commissions for Africa (UNECA) with its 20 agencies and the Pana African Chamber of Commerce and Industries (PACCI)
  • Ethiopia hosts more than 112 diplomatic mission in Addis Ababa

During the past two decades, shifting economic paradigms and conditions for investment and capital flows—globalization—have underlined the importance of African countries’ steps to widen and deepen regional integration. They have, in particular, removed open impediments to capital flows, enabling investors to freely select among alternative destinations on the basis of comparative advantage. In the destination countries, the recent financial crisis and the consequent reduction in official development assistance have also prompted governments to increase their efforts to mobilize private financial resources for public projects, especially for infrastructure.

African countries’ wish to attract external resources provides an incentive for them to tighten eco­nomic links among themselves and to take steps to boost intra-regional financial flows. Economic policies nationally have also enhanced countries’ attractiveness. These moves, coupled with abundant global liquidity, have led to a surge in all types of private capital flows into the continent.

Sub-Saharan Africa is set to enjoy a modest growth uptick, and decisive policies are needed to both reduce vulnerabilities and raise medium-term growth prospects. Average growth in the region is projected to rise from 2.8 percent in 2017 to 3.4 percent in 2018, with growth accelerating in about two-thirds of the countries in the region aided by stronger global growth, higher commodity prices, and improved capital market access.

On current policies, average growth in the region is expected to plateau below 4 percent—barely 1 percent in per capita terms—over the medium term. Turning the current recovery into sustained strong growth consistent with the achievement of the SDGs would require policies to both reduce vulnerabilities and raise medium-term growth prospects. Prudent fiscal policy is needed to rein in public debt, while monetary policy must be geared toward ensuring low inflation. Countries should also strengthen revenue mobilization and continue to advance structural reforms to reduce market distortions, shaping an environment that fosters private investment.

In addition to regional agreements, African countries have signed Business Integration Treaties (BITs) with each other and with developed countries. Many African states have also signed double taxation treaties (DTTs). Over 70 per cent of the treaties are signed with developed coun­tries, particularly in Europe, where the United Kingdom, France, Germany and Italy have the greatest number.

African countries are signatories to multilateral instru­ments and are members of related bodies that have pro­visions for the treatment of foreign investors. The most important are the WTO, with 44 African members; the In­ternational Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, which provides facilities for conciliation and arbitration of international investment disputes, with 46 African signatories; and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, which provides political risk insurance, techni­cal assistance and dispute mediation facilities, with 50 countries from the continent.

International investment agreements (IIAs)—RIAs and BITs—are also designed to provide comfort to foreign investors, in particular by clarifying security provisions, fairness, protection, transparency and predictability of the policy and regulatory framework that will govern investment activities.

In the investing sphere, African regional agreements follow the basic pattern of international agreements, and include the following items.

Admission and establishment of investment:

  • Fair and equitable treatment
  • MFN and national treatment
  • Protection against expropriation
  • Transfer of funds
  • Performance requirements
  • Investor–state dispute resolution